Breed Type: Herding
Country of Origin: France
Also known as: Berger de Beauce
Males: Height: 65-70 cm Weight: 32-45 kg
Females: Height: 61-68 cm Weight: 30-39 kg
Exercise Requirements: Vigorous & Frequent
Care Requirements: Low
Lifespan: 10-13 yrs.
Best Suited as: Guard/Work/Active Companion
The Beauceron is a breed of large dogs originating from France and is surprisingly agile and light on their feet despite the large size. This breed is alert and interested in the activity around them and is especially skilled in herding stock. With a calm spirit and social nature, Beaucerons fit well into the lifestyle of active families. Because they are obedient without hesitation when trained properly, they were used to assist the military in field battles during both world wars.
While not heavy or awkward, the Beauceron is a large-breed dog that is solidly built, strong, and muscular when given the opportunity for adequate exercise. The coat of this breed is shorthaired and primarily black with tan accents usually on the chest, head, and all four feet. When left natural, the Beauceron’s ears are floppy, but they are also known for having their ears cropped for the appearance of showing them to be at attention at all times and alert. The dignified bearing of the Beauceron gives it an air of confidence that evokes respect from anyone interacting with the dog. Generally the males are larger than the females. Even though the females are also large and active, they also show to be distinctly feminine while still being clearly strong and agile.
Beaucerons are confident and strong, but they also are gentle with a loving spirit that enjoys human companionship. They might be a bit shy or aloof around strangers initially and are quite willing to protect their own from any strangers; they don’t remain that way for long. They will quickly warm up to those who spend a good amount of time interacting with them. They are relatively fearless and quite ready to do what needs to be one whether it’s herding cattle or guarding the family. Its gentle temperament allows the Beaucerons to be a good choice for a family with children. These calm dogs are not aggressive or anxious by nature, but poor treatment will create neurotic tendencies in them similar to most breeds of dogs when not handled appropriately.
As indicated by their appearance, the Beauceron breed is thought to be descendents of the Doberman breed as shown be their similarities in markings and size. They were used extensively as herding or sheep dogs across the countryside in France. And because of their nature to obey their owners without hesitation, they were well-suited for military needs during World Wars I and II accomplishing tasks such as transporting messages between commanders during battle, locating wounded soldiers, sniffing out field mines and following trails, just to name a few.
The first official documentation of the breed goes all the way back to a French manuscript from 1578. The Beaucerons are one of two different types of sheepdogs named by Pierre Megnin in 1863 and differentiated by the length of their fur coat with Beaucerons having a short-haired coat.
Carefully focused breeding during the latter part of the 18th century developed characteristics in the breed that makes them able to tolerate extreme weather environments more easily. This time of selective breeding also resulted in a sweeter personality that is enjoyed so much today.
Care and Grooming:
The Beauceron breed is a low-maintenance dog with simple grooming needs. The biggest issue in terms of their grooming is the fact that they have 2 undercoats and are shedding hair regularly. Fair warning, their short, mostly black hair will be all around your home and especially wherever the dog chooses to lay frequently when you own a Beauceron. This issue will be less problematic if they are given frequent baths, and more importantly, brushed often (even daily if needed) in order to remove loose, shedding hair.
As with many of the large breed dogs, Beaucerons do have a tendency towards hip dysplasia although this has been lessened through selective breeding in years past. In general, however, these dogs are a very healthy breed when cared for properly which includes adequate nutrition and a vigorous, active lifestyle. In order to be at their best, Beaucerons need to have ample amounts of exercise daily both with their owners as well as on their own. They love a big yard or farm to run and play in. Beaucerons have naturally floppy ears that are sometimes cropped merely for appearance sake around 6 weeks of age, but doing so serves no real purpose in its care and is illegal in many countries.
Suitability as a Pet:
Beaucerons are a good choice for a family dog as they are calm and social in general if trained properly from puppyhood. While they are laid-back and gentle with family, they are also protective when needed which makes them a great companion for children playing outside in rural areas. Beaucerons are not only social with humans in their world, they are also usually relaxed and non-aggressive with any other dogs in the family. Since they need a lot of daily exercise and room to run around in, Beaucerons are not particularly suited for city living or apartment dwelling unless they can go for rigorous walks or some other type of exercise on a daily basis.
Consistency in training is vital for raising a young Beauceron. But even more important than consistency, the need for loving training is critical in its development. If socialized well as a puppy, these dogs will have a sweet nature that is calm and fairly friendly for the most part. They need frequent contact with different kinds of people and animals and even environments as puppies in order for their full potential to be reached. If denied loving and consistent training using a good amount of time while still a puppy, Beaucerons can become nervous and irritable.
The natural characteristics of the Beaucerons make them a valuable companion breed if there is a focus on developing those positive aspects during training. The more people and other animal interaction with the Beaucerons (positive experiences of course), the more confident and gentle they will be. They are also able to adapt to various environments better if they were exposed to different environments as a puppy. Investing a lot of time and patience into training Beauceron puppies is well worth it once they are grown into the dogs they are so naturally capable of being.
Beauceron Organisations in Australia
No club information listed
Beauceron Organisations in the UK
The American Beauceron Club
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